Subhash Chandra Bose (January 23, 1897- August 18, 1945)
At the end of Subhas Chandra bose’s first term as the president of the Haripura congress session in the year 1938, the presidential elections of Tripura congress session took place and Subhas was re-elected as the president defeating Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya. But by this time the equation in the Indian national congress had changed. Despite of the fact that both these legendary leaders had a deep admiration for each other, their ideologies were poles apart. Subhas was against the charkha of Gandhiji and gave a call to lead India towards modernization.
On the other hand Gandhiji was against the use of force of arms and ammunitions to get independence. Gandhiji openly declared that Sitaramayya’s defeat was his defeat. He said that Subhas’s references to his colleagues were unjustified and unworthy. He remarked that since Subhas had criticized his colleagues as ‘rightists’, it would be most appropriate on his part to choose a homogeneous cabinet and enforce his action. Here comes the twist in the history of Indian politics and in the life of Subhas Chandra Bose alike. Had Gandhiji not said what he did, Bose would have never resigned from the post of the president and formed the forward block. Bose, now devoid of any support from ‘Indian politics and its leaders’ started mass movement and left for Germany incognito when he was house arrested by British government in his house in Calcutta and sought cooperation from Germany and Japan. In the year 1942, he started broadcasting messages from radio Berlin which aroused enthusiasm in monumental way in among Indians.
In July 1943, he reached Singapore from Germany. In Singapore he took over the reins of the Indian Independence Movement in East Asia from Rash Behari Bose and organized the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) comprising mainly of Indian prisoners of war. He was hailed as Netaji by the Army as well as by the Indian civilian population in East Asia. Azad Hind Fauj proceeded towards India to liberate it from British rule. Enroute it liberated Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The I.N.A. Head quarter was shifted to Rangoon in January 1944. Azad Hind Fauj crossed the Burma Border, and stood on Indian soil on March 18, 1944. Japan and Germany were defeated in the Second World War and a result the INA could not fulfill its objective. On August 18, 1945, Subhash Chandra Bose was declared killed in an air crash over Taipei, Taiwan (Formosa). But there are people who believe that he was still alive and many Commissions were set up to find the truth but nothing could be found about his whereabouts.